Obesity is not a black and white issue. There are many underlying causes of obesity, and many different ways to treat it. Some methods work for some and not for others.
Now, researchers know why.
A recent Yorkshire Health Study took a look at a group of 4,000 obese adults and was able to place them into six distinct groups.
- Young healthy females – women who were obese, but generally had fewer obesity-related complications, such as type 2 diabetes
- Heavy-drinking males – as above, but with higher alcohol intake
- Unhappy and anxious middle-aged – predominantly women with poor mental health and wellbeing
- Affluent and healthy elderly – generally positive health, but defining characteristics of higher alcohol intake and high blood pressure
- Physically sick but happy elderly – older people with more chronic diseases, such as osteoarthritis, but good mental health
- Poorest health – people who were the most economically deprived and had the greatest number of chronic diseases
This research is important because understanding the underlying causes of obesity can help a person combat it. This is a huge step forward in obesity treatment, but more research needs to be done.
Although the pictures shown above do not have to do with this study, understanding where one holds weight is key to losing it.
There are two types of body fat distribution: Android and Gynoid
According to PositiveMed:
“An ‘android’ fat distribution pattern is so called because more men than women exhibit it. You may have heard it described as an ‘apple’ body type, when the waist circumference is greater than that of the hips.”
“A ‘gynoid’ distribution is most commonly seen in women. This is what many call the ‘pear’ body shape. In this pattern, hip circumference is greater than waist circumference.”
Let us break down the numbers for you!
1. Upper Body Obesity (Android)
This normally means one is eating too much and not exercising enough. Try cutting back on the sweets, and try exercising for 30 minutes a day. If this doesn’t help, see a healthcare professional.
2. Stomach-Centered Obesity (Android)
Extra weight in this area can be caused by stress, anxiety or depression. Pairing exercise and relaxation techniques may be the best method to fix this problem. Again, seeking the help of a healthcare professional or therapist is advised.
3. Lower Body Obesity (Gynoid)
This is a common problem with most women. Exercises that incorporate lower-body resistance training, paired with cardiovascular workouts, are key to removing this fat issue. This area can be difficult. Do not hesitate to ask for help.
4. Swollen Stomach Obesity (Android)
Fat in this area can be caused by excessive alcohol consumption and/or breathing difficulties. Try to reduce the amount of alcohol consumed and focus on some breathing exercises. Proper breathing is an entire torso exercise.
5. Lower Body Obesity that Includes Lower Legs (Gynoid)
This most often occurs in those who are pregnant. The legs may be swelling. Try water aerobics to take pressure off the leg and feet joints, and sit with the feet raised.
6. Large, Protruding Stomach with Upper Back Fat (Android)
This is similar to type one in that it is caused by inactivity. Exercise is key but so is keeping blood sugar levels stable. Don’t go too long without eating and try to eat in small increments.
Knowing what is needed for a certain fat issue is key to developing the best method to remove the fat. However, hormonal and genetic issues should be ruled out or considered if weight loss plans are not working. A health care professional will be able to help you!
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